Transconjunctival Laser Blepharoplasty-Modern Removal of Bags and Dark Circles Under The Eyes that Preserves Eyelid Shape
Blepharoplasty or eyelid tuck, a plastic surgery operation that is done to rejuvenate the eyelid and remove eyelid bags and dark circles under the eyes is the third most common cosmetic plastic surgery operation performed in the
The results of a modern blepharoplasty can be stunning and create a truly refreshed younger look to the entire face. Patients who seek blepharoplasty often complain of a tired look. The most common complaint I hear is that “people say I look tired when I am not”. The goal is to remove the tired look, the eyelid bags, the dark circles and tighten skin. Blepharoplasty alone does not remove wrinkles. Wrinkle removal requires resurfacing of the skin by one of many different new techniques.
One common problem following the blepharoplasty operation however is that the operation can change the shape of the eyelid. In some cases, after surgery the outer portion of the lower eyelid turns down revealing too much of the white portion of the eye. Technically this is called scleral show, and if it is extreme it is called ectropion and can damage the eye.
More commonly this complication is called the sad eyed look or hound dog eyes. It is very distressing to those patients who have this complication.
Fortunately, the sad eyed look or hound dog eyes can be avoided by a newer modern blepharoplasty technique called the transconjunctival blepharoplasty.
Traditional “old style” blepharoplasty is done through an incision on the outside skin of the lower eyelid placed just beneath the eyelashes. The surgeon cuts through the skin and the eyelid muscle to get to the fat that is removed to lessen the eyelid bags. Often skin and muscle is also removed to lessen the amount of excess skin on the eyelid.
The problem with the standard “old style” scalpel blepharoplasty technique is that when the surgeon cuts through the muscle which supports the lower eyelid the support for the eyelid is often lost. In addition, the scarring produced by the surgery tends to pull the eyelid down. If the patient has a lax lower eyelid to begin with, the situation is made much worse.
The modern blepharoplasty, called the transconjunctival blepharoplasty is done very differently and avoids injury to the supporting eyelid muscle. The conjunctiva is the pink part of the eyelid on the inside. In transconjunctival blepharoplasty the incision for a blepharoplasty is made through the conjunctiva on the inside of the lower eyelid and avoids damage to the supporting muscle. The fat is removed or repositioned from the inside and the lid tightened and an arcus marginalis release performed to correct dark circles and the tear trough deformity. Laser blepharoplasty, which is using the laser to make the transconjunctival incision and tighten the skin and muscle, is becoming much more common today as blepharoplasty techniques continue to improve.
The advantages of the modern Laser Transconjunctival Blepharoplasty are:
1. There is no visible scar on the outside of the lower eyelid
2. The eyelid shape is not changed
3. Healing time and recovery is usually quicker
4. Bruising is often less
5. The sad eyed look or hound dog eyes is avoided
If you have a lower eyelid that is lax or loose or if your outer lower eyelid turns down, there is a serious risk that you may have the sad eyed look or hound dog eyes or worse if you have an old style blepharoplasty with the incision on the outer eyelid. Not all plastic surgeons use the transconjunctival blepharoplasty technique. I think it is very important to ask your surgeon about it if you are considering blepharoplasty especially if your lower eyelid is loose or lax. Contact me or read Save Your Face for further information.